The 5 basic rules of volleyball communication here all involve common situations that players find or will find themselves in while their team is on defense.
are specific occasions during volleyball defense when communication
is absolutely essential.
In the photo below the Xavier blockers wearing the #6 and #9
jerseys are following one of the 5 basic rules of volleyball
communication in defense by indicating with their fingers and at the
same time shouting out to tell their teammates on defense that there are
As I mentioned in a previous discussion about communicating while on
...before the referee blows the whistle to start play.
The picture below of the Illinois State Redbirds blockers shows
the player wearing the #2 jersey is following one of the 5 basic rules
It also means that if there are two hitters front row then the setter is
This is a great example of following one of the 5 basic rules of volleyball
communication in defense.
Speaking of setters who like to dump the ball over the net, there's a
particular setter you should look out for and tell your teammates about
if you see her playing on the other team.
Okay so who is this player and why should you be on the look out for
We just talked about the first of the 5 basic rules of volleyball
communication which was calling out the setter and talking to your
team about the possibility of her dumping the ball into your court when
Here's the second one.
What about calling out the opposing team's hitter when they appear to
be tipping the volleyball?
The more games and matches and tournaments that a player plays
The difference is that at the very last minute, at the highest point in
their spike jump, they will slow down their wrist movement to tip the ball
instead of spiking it.
To practice using the third rule of the 5 basic rules of volleyball
regarding the development of your communication skills, you
Before practice or during your pregame pepper warmup drill, with
your partner make sure to mix up your "attack" so that you hit five or
six balls hard in a row, then you tip the ball followed by three or four
more hard hits, then another tip that's to the side of your partner, then
five or six hard hits, then a short ball to the other side of your pepper
By mixing up the attack in your pepper warm up drill, you mimic or in
other words you copy or you reenact the different types of hits that
you and your teammates will see or will have to defend against in your
next volleyball game.
It's counterproductive to get into a comfortable set-pass-hit rhythm
during your pepper, because the volleyball game consists of different
rhythms and unexpected spikes, and hits off the block and digs made
when players are off balance so these are precisely the things pepper
partners want to prepare themselves for during their pepper warmup.
They are going to do everything they can to keep the ball out of your
Guess what? That means for you to keep the ball out of your pepper
each other's reach as well.
Both pepper players, should challenge each other so neither of you
knows what "attack" is going to come next .
Then when each of you do see the attack from your partner, you should
get in the habit of calling out what you see.
Ultimately, the faster you recognize when someone is going to tip, the
Here's a scenario.
If a volleyball player is off the court and she is attempting to hit a down
ball from either the right side or left side of the court, then the only
Since there is no way the down ball attacker can hit the ball
down the line without hitting the antenna why stay at the net to block
There are two things players can be communicating to each other at
can transition quickly off the net to run a play, instead of staying at
the net to block.
so the team's defense can shift a few steps to the right or left
depending on where the ball is coming from to quickly defend the down
ball hitter's cross court attack.
If a volleyball player concentrates on how the play is developing
they will use one of the most important of the 5 basic rules of
Many times in club volleyball, high school volleyball and some in
This is a waste of time, energy and manpower and ultimately will cost
your team valuable points.
One of the most important aspects of the 5 basic rules of
volleyball communication for volleyball players to memorize is that by
down the line and that they all need to shift the block, if the team blocks
down balls, but more importantly shifts the diggers so they dig the cross
Consider this example.
Many times a volleyball player has to turn their back to the net to
play a ball whether they are running off the court or not.
If this is their third contact, the minute you see the player bend their
knees while they have their back turned you should yell "free ball"
The sooner you do this, the sooner your team can transition back into
your volleyball team's free ball defense.
But if you wait until the player has already contacted the ball AND its on
its way over the net, that's too late and you have wasted precious time
that could have been used to ALREADY be in your free ball passing
While on defense, volleyball players need to learn to watch or to
If the player's arm is below their waist, then they couldn't possibly be
preparing to overhand spike the ball, so everyone on your team should
be seeing that the ball won't be hit and that the player intends to
underhand pass the ball over the net so everybody should be calling out
"free ball!" loudly.
If you can think of anymore rules, please include them in the comment
The Volleyball Voice
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