Fundamental rules in volleyball for defense.
Once your team serves the ball over the net to the opposing
team you and your five players are officially on the defensive
Your defensive team must first either block the ball which
keeps the ball from crossing the net back into your court, or if
the ball does get past the block, then you must dig the ball or
play defense which means your three back row diggers will do
what's possible to keep the ball of the floor.
Developing great communication skills while you're in defense in the
back court should be placed as a priority, some where near the top
of the list of fundamental rules in volleyball defense.
Although some coaches and players may consider these suggestions as
"unofficial" rules for volleyball, they are excellent habits that college
and professional players adopt, so that means its never too early for
you to follow these rules too.
Here's the deal.
It's okay to keep secrets when your team is running an offense since
you don't want to tell the opposing team what attack your team is
about to run.
In fact, when the setter calls the play, she will do it in a low voice or by
indicating with her fingers what play she wants her attackers to run.
When she calls the play, she will hide her fingers or hide her hands,
behind the back of one of the players she is standing behind so that
only her attackers know what she wants them to do.
Either way, on offense, when a team is in serve receive, the
players will do what they can to hide or disguise the type of attack or
play the plan to run, in hopes of making it harder for the opposing
team's defense to stop them.
But its an entirely different story when a team is on defense.
The unofficial but fundamental rules in volleyball state that players
shouldn't have secrets when their team is on defense.
The defensive players need to call out what play they see developing as
or before they see it developing.
Unfortunately a lot of volleyball players stay quiet when they
are on defense and they assume that everybody on their team is seeing
the same thing.
Here's the problem.
If you and five other people were eyewitnesses to a car accident, there
will inevitably be different versions from each of the eyewitnesses as to
what they think they saw cause the car accident.
Six people will give six different versions of their "eyewitness" account.
People will always interpret what they see differently. Some
interpretations will be similar but many will vary.
You don't have to ask me about this, just ask a cop.
So now the question is, how do you get six players to do that?
To be sure members of your team are seeing the same thing, good
volleyball team communication skills are needed.
As players see a play developing they need to "call out the play" or talk
about the action out loud to their teammates so that everyone on the
If there are three or four or five voices from players all calling out the
same thing that they see happening across the net, then everyone
knows that all the team members are seeing the same play.
When this happens, its easier to make adjustments as a whole team, as
Using these fundamental rules in volleyball about always
communicating on defense will prevent players from having to guess
what is on each other's minds.
The more they talk to each other the more they know that each team
member is seeing the action in the very same way.
are front row only because the opposing teams blockers didn't know
or didn't alert each other or their back row teammates by calling out
loud that the opposing team's setter rotated up to the front.
Once a setter rotates up to the front row, and the team is playing
something like a 4-2 offense, then that setter can attack the ball like
any one of her hitters.
An "attack" can come in the form of a hit, a spike or a tip which in the
setter's case is called a dump.
hands but either way, similar to a "hitter", if the setter doesn't have a
block in front of her to try and stop her from tipping or dumping the ball
over the net, then she is in great position to make extremely easy points.
Let me repeat, the front row setter is in position to make ridiculously
easy points, by dumping the ball over the net especially if no one on the
opposing team's defense, particularly the front row blockers, are paying
attention enough to call out the fact that this setter is now in the front
Fundamental Rules In Volleyball
Oftentimes only one or two players, usually the middle blocker and
maybe one setter who's paying attention will call out "front row setter!"
in an effort to communicate to their team which hitters on the
setter's front row tip attack, it is really, really much more effective if
five or six voices talk about the fact that she has rotated up to the
This means everyone should be paying attention as to who the
opposing team's front row attackers are and where the setter is at all
A front row blocker usually the one playing
on the left side
should take the responsibility of telling everyone on their team "Hey, I'll
stay with the setter, she's right here in the ____position."
She should say this at the net, before the referee whistles for the serve
and in a loud voice so all the members of her team can hear her.
Headline Caption photo by Matt Van Winkle