Rules of Sand Volleyball Passing

Volleyball Passing Strategy On The Sand

1130323sandVB 013


photo by Luomen



It's important to adopt these rules of sand volleyball passing when

playing on the sand.

Mastering the skill of passing a ball on the beach will take time,

finesse and a lot of practice.

It usually also takes a lot of mental focus, concentration and

communication with your partner.

Below I'd like to share two unofficial serve receive rules of sand

volleyball that you can add to your beach team's passing strategy

while competing in sand competitions.

These should hopefully help you narrow your focus on the game plan

you should establish with your partner.

Rules of Sand Volleyball: Pass The Ball Straight Ahead

Indoor volleyball players are trained to pass the ball from anywhere on

the volleyball court, all the way up to the traditional indoor setter target

area which is just one foot right of center on the net. 

We all know, that area is located between zone 2 and zone 3 in the

front row, which is about four feet in front of the right antenna within

the ten foot line.

The rules of sand volleyball doubles are different.

Since there are only two players on the court, you want to have a

consistent point of reference as to where and how you want your

volleyball passing strategy to be most effective.

If you or your partner passes the ball straight ahead of you,

keeping the ball four to five feet off the net, then you or your partner

will automatically know where to go or where to be in order to set the


If this passing rule is established between two partners then whenever

the partner on the right passes the ball then the one on the left should

be ready move to a spot between her partner and four feet off the net

and vice versa.  

The passer doesn't have time to try and "find" their partner by moving

the received serve all around the court.

So that's why the best point of reference to establish is straight ahead,

not at an angle.

By passing the volleyball straight ahead, as a spiker I will already know

where I need to begin my spike approach.

I can approach straight ahead or I can take a few steps to my left and

approach at a slight angle like I do indoors.

What I don't have to do, is spend extra time, energy and steps chasing

my setter along the net in order to figure out where to get set up to

make my spike approach.

This is especially applicable if I get served deep in the court.

In beach volleyball, as a passer turned spiker I want to maintain as

much control over the play as possible.

So by passing the volleyball straight ahead I eliminate any additional

movement I would need to make, to go chase the ball before spiking the

ball over the net.

Beach volleyball players spend many hours of practice on making this

volleyball passing strategy work effectively.

By performing numerous serves and by passing a volleyball repeatedly in

practice, a beach player reinforces in her mind and in her partner's mind,

where she needs to end up on the court to pass the ball while her

partner begins to automatically know where she needs to set up to set

the ball or in other words where the setter needs to be in relation to the


Rules of Sand Volleyball: Pass The Ball Low

1130323sandVB 002


photo by Luomen


On the beach you want to pass the volleyball using a low body position,

which is usually one of the first things girls playing beach volleyball learn

when they transition from the indoor volleyball game.

It's one of the most important things to adopt in your volleyball passing


The wind can play a big part in where your pass ends up regardless of

your intentions.

To counteract its effects as much as possible you want to pass the

volleyball using a low body position.

The farther you can let the ball fall before making contact with it, the

more time you are giving yourself to react to any wind gusts that move

the ball away from you.


Once you pass the volleyball, you want to deliver a relatively low but

controlled pass to your partner/setter.

The higher you pass the volleyball, the more chance you give the wind

to take hold of it and move it around.

This will then force your partner to have to go chase the ball which will

get both of you out of sync.

So you want to adopt the passing strategy of "staying low to pass" and

"passing low to control the ball."

Rules of Sand Volleyball: Foot Positioning

1130316sandVB 089


photo by Luomen


1130316sandVB 014


photo by Luomen


Quite frankly, if you can't master how to bump the volleyball on the

sand then you can't play.

Since this is an offensive volleyball skill of finesse and technique, it will

take practice, concentration and repetition to improve your sand

passing skill in no time at all.

In beach volleyball the way that you should place your feet for the

forearm pass ready position does not differ much than what you do in

an indoor game.

Your feet should be in a comfortably balanced position about shoulder

width apart with your knees bent in a slight squat so that you can move

front, back, sideways, diagonally or turn and run quickly for any balls

that land behind you.

Some sand players when performing the serve receive

skill prefer to have their right foot forward when they are passing

the ball on the right side of the court and have their left foot forward

when passing on the left side of the court to protect the sideline that

they are playing the closest to.


This serve receive strategy positions a player's body so that it faces

where they want the ball to go.

Alternatively, there are beach players who face their target so

they pass the volleyball straight ahead of them.

The secret to improving your sand volleyball passing skill is to move

your feet so that you get your body behind the ball.

When you can, you always want to play the ball within the centerline of

your body, in other words that's the area in front of your belly button.

And now, since you are playing sand volleyball, you want to first run

to get to the ball and then fight to get your feet in a balanced position

underneath you so that you can have your body behind the ball.

Your passing skill will improve when you pass the ball with a stance

where you have both feet squarely planted side-by-side,

so you're not rocking back and forth or wobbling around by the time you

contact the ball.

For any last minute adjustments that you make (and you will have to

make them) you want to make them so you finish up in this balanced


Positioning Your Legs During The Pass

In the unofficial rules of sand volleyball, you need to "pass with your


You use your bent knees and leg strength to get underneath the ball,

getting your body as far towards the ball to play it, by stepping into it

and with your platform angled to the target.

Check out more rules of sand volleyball and beach information on

the pages below:

Sand Volleyball Improves Your Indoor Game

The Overhand Volleyball Serve On The Beach

How To Pass The Volleyball On The Sand

The Pass In Volleyball On The Beach 

Sand Volleyball Rules For Passing A Ball

Rules of Sand Volleyball Passing

The Beach Volleyball Set

Sand Volleyball Tips For Setting A Ball

Return To Beach Volleyball Girls Who Love To Play From Rules Of Sand

Volleyball Passing

Return To Inspiring Female Volleyball Players From Rules Of Sand

Volleyball Passing 

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

Shop Designer Clothing at

New Arrivals - Women's Department 120x600

Shop House of Harlow 1960 at

Rainbow Sandals

The Weekly Award-winning Las Vegas Volleyball Boot Camp Class Schedule

Watch as the 2018 Nevada Recreation and Park Society award for Best Sports Program in Nevada is awarded to Volleyball Voice Boot Camp Classes

  • Monday Volleyball Class (ages 11 - 14) - Stupak Community Center 6 - 7:30
  • Tuesday Volleyball Class (ages 13 - 18) - Mirabelli Community Center 6 - 7:30
  • Wednesday Advanced/Varsity Only Class - Chuck Minker Sports Complex - 4:30 - 6pm - Contact Coach April first before coming if you've never been
  • Thursday Volleyball Class (ages 13 - 18) - Stupak Community Ctr. 6 - 7:30
  • Friday Advanced/Varsity Only Skill Clinics (ages 13 - 18) - Veteran's Memorial Summerlin - 5pm - 6pm - Contact Coach April before coming first if you've never been 
  • Friday Volleyball Class (ages 9 - 13) - Veteran's Memorial Leisure Services 6 - 7:30

Boot Camp Volleyball Class Requirements

  • No online registration for Volleyball Voice Boot Camp classes
  • Arrive 15-20 minutes before class begins
  • Pay $10 at front desk
  • Kneepads mandatory
  • Classes close at 6:05, latecomers will not be admitted
  • You WILL sweat

Monthly Monday 
Advanced Training 

Breakfast Club 60

About Breakfast Club 60

  • Four Mondays 4pm - 5pm
  • 60 minute intense Training
  • Class Max 12 - Coed
  • Ages 14 - 18
  • No Beginners
  • Varsity/Adv/Elite Skill level
  • Breakfast Club/USAVHP
  • Registration is Open
  • Stupak Community Ctr 
  • Pay $195 for a four class pack Breakfast Club 60 
  • Pay $195 late registration (1-3 Mondays)

Elite training for very advanced hard working players who INTEND to play volleyball in college.

Exclusive opportunity to train with teammates/friends with similar high goals and are ready to push YOU and themselves to improve. 

Not for the curious, weak hearted or distracted player, we do more in 60 minutes than most clubs and teams do in three hours. 

If you’ve never attended a Breakfast Club class contact Coach April BEFORE registering.

Brunch Club 60

About Brunch Club 60

  • Four Mondays 5pm - 6pm
  • 60 minute intensive Training
  • Class Max 12 - Coed
  • Ages 13 - 15
  • No Beginners
  • Intermediate Skill level
  • Registration is Open
  • Stupak Community Ctr 
  • Pay $195 for a four class pack Breakfast Club 60 
  • Pay $195 late registration (1-3 Mondays)

Perfect for regular Boot Camp class players and players who've ALREADY played on a City of Las Vegas/NYS Elite local league team and who're interested in more advanced training and/or trying out for the Volleycats Elite 14s/15s/ local team competing in June/July/August. 

Private and Semi Private Lessons with Coach April
Tuesdays and Thursdays

Ten (10) - intensive 60-minute sessions of semi-private (small groups of six) volleyball practices 

Sessions are a specially designed mix of skills conducted by Coach April within the one hour session

  • Private training class pack is $1050 for 10 classes. This includes gym rental fee 
  • Semi-private training class pack is $850 for 10 classes. This includes gym rental fee