Volleyball rules for dummies reviews the regulations for basic
skills and playing actions allowed and not allowed in the game.
ball is considered "In" the court.
Point for your team.
Serve for your team.
Right back area is Zone 1
Right front area is Zone 2
Middle front area is Zone 3
Left front area is Zone 4
Left back area is Zone 5
The net is placed on top of the centerline and runs parallel to the
endlines and perpendicular to the sidelines.
According to official volleyball game rules, the net's purpose is to
separate the two opposing teams and to create a barrier for the ball to
cross over after being contacted a maximum of three times by each
For the men's game the official net height is 7 feet 11 5/8 inches.
a) the ball hits the floor - if it hits the floor inside the opposing team's half court. Point for your team. Your team gets to serve again. This is called an "ace" serve.
a) the ball hits the floor - if it hits the floor outside the opposing team's half court and none of the opposing team's players touched the ball before it hit the floor, Point for the opposing team. Opposing team gets to serve.
a) ball is out of bounds. This is called a "sideout." Point goes to the opposing team because you served out of bounds. Opposing team gets to serve.
a) score a point - if it hits the floor inside the opposing team's half court. Point for your team. Your team gets to serve again.
c) end the rally - because the ball hit the floor outside of the opposing team's half court. Point for the opposing team. Opposing team gets to serve.
A team can score a point by
a) completing an action, whether a soft or hard hit or a block, that results in the ball hitting the floor on the opposing team's half court before the opposing team can contact it to get it back into your team's court.
b) the opposing team committing a "fault" which is a mistake or an error like touching the net or mishandling the ball or being out of rotation. A fault is a playing action that the rules of volleyball do not allow.
c) the opposing team getting a penalty, like a sanction from the referee
What's a rally?
Then the opposing team gets three contacts on the ball to get the ball,
BACK over the net...this back and forth will continue until the ball hits the
floor or goes out on someone's side.
This back and forth exchange between the two teams sending the
When the ball hits the floor, the rally is a completed rally and one of the
teams, who won the rally, is awarded a point.
a) they are awarded a point
b) receives the ball to serve again
c) they do not rotate
d) the same player who served the ball, gets to serve again
The receiving team
a) gets no points but
b) gets another chance to win the rally, but must receive the serve
c) must continue the rally without committing any faults
so the last person who served, during the last rally they won, will NOT
a) they lose the opportunity to continue serving
b) give the ball to the other team
c) get no points
d) are now in serve reception
All these terms mean the same thing.
During a rally a player can
a) play the ball off the net
c) contact the ball again only after a teammate has contacted it, within the three contacts allowed per team
d) can kick a ball over the net or to a teammate during a rally
e) hit from the backrow as long as they are a backrow player who contacts the ball before landing on or over the ten foot line
During a rally a player cannot:
a) make two consecutive contacts with the ball
b) hold or catch or lift the ball
d) block a serve that will land inside the ten foot line
e) rotate out of zone or position or serve out of order
f) commit an overlap in serve reception
A libero is a specialized role for a player with superior defensive skills.
easy to differentiate her from the rest of the team.
This is because a libero can enter in and out of the backrow for a front
row player when that front row player has rotated to the backrow to
Like a pinch hitter in baseball, the quicker, faster defensively skilled
libero will play for that taller player in all three rotations for her in the back
A libero can:
a) replace any player in the back row
b) can serve after replacing the player in zone 1
A beginner's explanation of Olympic Volleyball Rules.
Watch this short video tutorial guide on
how to play Volley ball under Olympic and FIVB rules.
A libero cannot:
a) jump and attack hit a ball when at contact, the entire ball is completely above the top of the net. This means liberos should generally stand and hit the ball over and not attempt to attack a ball like a tall player would.
b) block or attempt to block a ball
c) be inside the ten foot line and set a front row player who then uses their spike approach to hit a ball that's above the level of the net. If a libero sets a ball to a front row hitter and she is inside the ten foot line, the hitter has to hit a down ball .
d) cannot enter the court, at the start of each set, until the second referee gives the go ahead after checking the team's rotation on the score sheet.
A team can work together to score 25 points before the opposing team
There are the best of five set competitions called "matches".
There are the best of three set competitions called "matches"
A "match" is a predetermined minimum number of maximum sets that
will be played with a pre-declared minimum number of sets that must be
won by one team in order to declare a winner.
Most collegiate, club and international indoor matches are three out of
The opposite applies.
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