Volleyball Rules For Dummies

Volleyball rules for dummies is a summary of regulations players should know about the game


Volleyball rules for dummies reviews the regulations for basic

skills and playing actions allowed and not allowed in the game. 


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: The Court


  • The playing area for a court is in the shape of a large rectangle that measures  30 feet by 60 feet.   



  • The longest lines are the sidelines and the shortest lines of the rectangle are the endlines. 



  • On each court half, there's a ten foot line which divides the half court into thirds. The front third of the court  is called the front zone.

It runs from the centerline to the ten foot line and is where the

front row players stay in front of when they are in defense. 


  • The two-thirds of the court, which run from the ten foot line to the endline is called the backcourt and is where the backrow players stay when playing in defense.  



If during a rally, you attack hit a ball that goes into the opposing

team's court and the ball hits any part of the boundary line...that

ball is considered "In" the court.

Point for your team.

Serve for your team.


Volleyball Rules for Dummies: Zones and Rotations




Right back area is Zone 1

Right front area is Zone 2

Middle front area is Zone 3

Left front area is Zone 4

Left back area is Zone 5

Middle back area is Zone 6


  • After a team wins the right to serve, they rotate clockwise so the same player does not serve twice. 

The player who was in Zone 1 rotates to Zone 6, Zone 6 rotates to Zone 5,

Zone 5 rotates up to the front row in Zone 4, Zone 4 rotates over to Zone 3,

Zone 3 rotates over to Zone 2 and Zone 2 rotates back row to Zone 1.


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: Stay in the Court


  • Players on both sides must be inside the court at the point of service
  • Players on a team must stay within their half court during reception of serve.
  • Players can go off the court to retrieve a ball back into their court as long as they stay within the designated playing area.


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: The Net


The net is placed on top of the centerline and runs parallel to the

endlines and perpendicular to the sidelines. 


According to official volleyball game rules, the net's purpose is to

separate the two opposing teams and to create a barrier for the ball to

cross over after being contacted a maximum of three times by each

team.  


Volleyball Rules for Dummies: Volleyball net in Las VegasVolleyball Rules for Dummies: Volleyball net in Las Vegas


The official volleyball net height in the women's game is 7 feet 4

1/8 inches.


For the men's game the official net height is 7 feet 11 5/8 inches. 


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: Don't Touch The Net


  • You cannot touch the net while the ball is in play.
  • If you serve the ball over the net and the ball touches the net on its way over, then bounces into the opposing team's court

a) the ball hits the floor - if it hits the floor inside the opposing team's half court. Point for your team. Your team gets to serve again. This is called an "ace" serve.

a) the ball hits the floor - if it hits the floor outside the opposing team's half court and none of the opposing team's players touched the ball before it hit the floor, Point for the opposing team. Opposing team gets to serve. 

  • If you serve the ball over the net and the ball does not touch the net on its way over, but lands outside the opposing team's half court

a) ball is out of bounds. This is called a "sideout." Point goes to the opposing team because you served out of bounds. Opposing team gets to serve. 

  • If you serve the ball into the net and the ball does not cross over the net  into the opposing team's half court

a) ball is out of bounds. This is called a "sideout." Point goes to the opposing team because you served out of bounds. Ball goes to the opposing team to serve. 


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: Playing Action


  • Each team is allowed three contacts of the ball. 
  • The third contact of the ball MUST go over the net and into the court of the opposing team to either

a) score a point - if it hits the floor inside the opposing team's half court. Point for your team. Your team gets to serve again.

b) continue the rally - because the opposing team played the ball on their first contact keeping it from hitting the floor inside their half court

c) end the rally - because the ball hit the floor outside of the opposing team's half court. Point for the opposing team. Opposing team gets to serve. 


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: How To Score A Point in Volleyball


A team can score a point by

a) completing an action, whether a soft or hard hit or a block, that results in the ball hitting the floor on the opposing team's half court before the opposing team can contact it to get it back into your team's court.  

b) the opposing team committing a "fault" which is a mistake or an error like touching the net or mishandling the ball or being out of rotation. A fault is a playing action that the rules of volleyball do not allow. 

c) the opposing team getting a penalty, like a sanction from the referee


What's a rally?

A rally always begins with a serve then the receiving team gets

three chances to contact the ball with the third having to go

over the net.


Then the opposing team gets three contacts on the ball to get the ball,

BACK over the net...this back and forth will continue until the ball hits the

floor or goes out on someone's side.


This back and forth exchange between the two teams sending the

ball back and forth over the net into each other's court is called

a rally. 


When the ball hits the floor, the rally is a completed rally and one of the

teams, who won the rally,  is awarded a point. 


a) they are awarded a point

b) receives the ball to serve again

c) they do not rotate

d) the same player who served the ball, gets to serve again 


The receiving team

a) gets no points but

b) gets another chance to win the rally, but must receive the serve

c) must continue the rally without committing any faults 


When they do win the rally, their players will rotate one position,

so the last person who served, during the last rally they won, will NOT

serve again.


For each new rally, the team rotates so they have a new server. 

  • If the serving team loses the rally...

a) they lose the opportunity to continue serving 

b) give the ball to the other team 

c) get no points

d) are now in serve reception

e) must win a rally in order to earn the chance to serve again and score a point


Players


  • Two teams of six players compete against each other, separated by a net. 
  • The opposing team of six they are serving to...is in serve receive also known as offense, serve reception, or receiving the serve. 

All these terms mean the same thing. 


Volleyball Rules For Dummies:  What Players Can and Cant Do


During a rally a player can

a) play the ball off the net

b)make one contact on the ball 

c) contact the ball again only after a teammate has contacted it, within the three contacts allowed per team

d) can kick a ball over the net or to a teammate during a rally

e) hit from the backrow as long as they are a backrow player who contacts the ball before landing on or over the ten foot line


Volleyball Rules for Dummies:


During a rally a player cannot:

a) make two consecutive contacts with the ball

b) hold or catch or lift the ball

c) hit the ball so it contacts the antenna on its way over into the opposing team's court

d) block a serve that will land inside the ten foot line

e) rotate out of zone or position or serve out of order

f) commit an overlap in serve reception

g) as blockers,  block the view of the opposing team passers from seeing the server on the serving team


Liberos


A libero is a specialized role for a player with superior defensive skills.

The libero wears contrasting colored jerseys than her teammates so its

easy to differentiate her from the rest of the team. 


This is because a libero can enter in and out of the backrow for a front

row player when that front row player has rotated to the backrow to

serve. 



Like a pinch hitter in baseball, the quicker, faster defensively skilled

libero will play for that taller player in all three rotations for her in the back

row.


The player she came in for, will return into the game when its

time for the libero to rotate up to the front row. 


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: What a Libero Can and Can't Do


A libero can:

a) replace any player in the back row

b) can serve after replacing the player in zone 1

c) be outside the ten foot line and overhand set a front row player who can jump and hit the ball


A beginner's explanation of Olympic Volleyball Rules.

Watch this short video tutorial guide on

how to play Volley ball under Olympic and FIVB rules.


A libero cannot:

a) jump and attack hit a ball when at contact, the entire ball is completely above the top of the net. This means liberos should generally stand and hit the ball over and not attempt to attack a ball like a tall player would. 

b) block or attempt to block a ball

c) be inside the ten foot line and set a front row player who then uses their spike approach to hit a ball that's above the level of the net. If a libero sets a ball to a front row hitter and she is inside the ten foot line, the hitter has to hit a down ball . 

d) cannot enter the court, at the start of each set, until the second referee gives the go ahead after checking the team's rotation on the score sheet. 


Volleyball Rules For Dummies:  What Can a Team Do?


A team can work together to score 25 points before the opposing team

does. 


The team who is first to score 25 points, and has an advantage of

two points wins the set. 


There are the best of five set competitions called "matches". 

There are the best of three set competitions called "matches"


Volleyball Rules For Dummies: How To Win A Match


A "match" is a predetermined minimum number of maximum sets that

will be played with a pre-declared minimum number of sets that must be

won by one team in order to declare a winner. 


Most collegiate, club and international indoor matches are three out of

five sets.  


The opposite applies.


  • If in any order, your team wins two sets and the opposing team wins two sets, then a fifth "tie breaking" set is played. 
  • Tie break sets are played to 15 and not 25 points. 




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