Passing, serving, setting, spiking, blocking and digging are the six fundamental skills of volleyball which are the first things varsity players need to learn about the sport.
The volleyball serve is the first opportunity for a player to score a point.
Once you toss the ball in the air you must contact the ball to send it over the net or let the ball drop without touching it again until it hits the floor first.
If you let the ball drop to the floor, the referee will blow the whistle again and this time you have five seconds to serve the ball over the net.
The pass is a service reception technique used to contact a ball that's entered your court area when your team is on offense.
This creates a platform with both arms that you use to contact the ball deflecting it from your angled platform to the person most responsible for making the second contact on the ball, your setter.
The setter on a volleyball team is like a point guard on a basketball team who runs the offense and calls the plays.
If you are the setter on your team, you determine who gets to hit the next ball and how high and how fast the set they hit will be.
A spike starts with an approach of three but most often four steps.
The first two slow and the last two bigger and faster steps that propel you in the air gathering momentum as you go, to lift you above the top of the net so you contact the ball at its highest height to attack or hit it down into the opposing court.
Once the whistle blows and your team serves the ball over the net, your team is on defense, ready to defend your court.
Your team is trying to keep the opposing team, now on offense, from putting the ball on your court floor.
The first opportunity to do that is at the net.
You sink your hips low to the floor, below the ball before it gets to you and you use your extended arms in your platform to "dig" or deflect the ball up in the air.
If you are the 'digger" or defender your job is to dig the ball up high enough in the air and ideally to the middle of the court close to the ten foot line, so that the second contact in the rally can be made.
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