Passing, serving, setting, spiking, blocking and digging are the six fundamental skills of volleyball which are the first things varsity players need to learn about the sport.
The volleyball serve is the first opportunity for a player to score a point.
Once you toss the ball in the air you must contact the ball to send it over the net or let the ball drop without touching it again until it hits the floor first.
If you let the ball drop to the floor, the referee will blow the whistle again and this time you have five seconds to serve the ball over the net.
Once the opposing team served ball crosses the net onto your side and arrives just above your hip level, you
This creates a platform with both arms that you use to contact the ball deflecting it from your angled platform into the air towards the person most responsible for making the second contact on the ball, your setter or if its the third contact then you send the ball over the net.
The setter on a volleyball team is like a point guard on a basketball team who runs the offense and calls the plays.
Offensive plays consist of a combination of sets called by using hand signals to eligible hitters who hit these sets at different heights, speeds and locations along the net in order to confuse the opposing team's blockers in an effort to score points.
A spike starts with a three step or four step approach a player uses to jump off the ground to contact the ball with an armswing while its in the air.
With your spike approach the first two steps are slow and the last two steps are bigger and faster that propel you in the air gathering momentum as you go, to lift you above the top of the net so you contact the ball with an armswing that contacts the ball at its highest height to attack or hit it down into the opposing court.
Once the whistle blows and your team serves the ball over the net, your team is on defense, ready to defend your court.
You sink your hips low to the floor, below the ball before it gets to you and you use your extended arms clasped at the wrists to create a platform with your forearms to "dig" or deflect the ball up in the air.
If you are the 'digger" or defender your job is to dig the ball up high enough in the air and ideally to the middle of the court close to the ten foot line, so that the second contact in the rally can be made.
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