Volleyball Setting Terms Explained For Setters Who Run Offensive Plays

Different types of sets have different names and both setters and hitters have to know these volleyball setting terms so they can run their offensive plays.  


These terms for volleyball setters are important because its their job to outsmart and outguess the middle blockers so their outside hitters can run the offense and have only one or no blocks up to hit against. 



Volleyball Setting Terms  
What is a shoot set?


Different types of sets have different names and both setters and hitters have to know these so they both speak the same language and understand what set to prepare for. 



The Shoot (aka The Go)

Volleyball setters often use the "shoot" which is a high velocity set delivered primarily to the left side hitter.

The slow version of this set is called a hut, while the fast version is called a "Go".  

Both versions of this set rely heavily on precise timing and accurate placement.

In practice, it takes a lot of repetitions on the part of the setter to learn how to deliver the shoot set consistently.

If the setter first contacts the ball to deliver the shoot set to the left outside hitter, the hitter should have already taken the second step in her four step spike approach and have her arm up in the air ready to hit the ball, when it reaches the Zone 4 area along the net in front of the antenna.


Volleyball Setting Terms  
What is a half shoot?

The Half Shoot

The half shoot is a first tempo ball, like a quick in the middle its a very high speed or high velocity set that is only one to three feet above the net and falls once delivered between zone 3 and zone 4 on the setter's side of the net.

The Gap, "The 31"

This type of set, also known as a  "gap" is delivered from the hands of the setter with very little arc, is practically parallel to the net and falls only 5 - 6 feet away from the setter, so its very fast.

The hitter, usually the middle but also left sides, must start her spike approach from further inside the court, so at the peak of her jump, she hits the ball half way,  between zone four and zone three in the front row along the net.

At higher levels of competition for the half shoot timing, a hitter takes their last two spike approach steps and is in the air just before the setter is about to touch the ball.


If the timing is right, the hitter's spiking arm is in the air when the setter's hands are on the ball. With this timing, the setter will see the hitter's arm and will have something to set the ball to. 

The setter sets the ball to the hands of the hitter or an invisible area near the ideal hitting zone of the area, while the hitter is at the peak of their jump, and the hitter does the rest. 



The half shoot basically looks like a long quick set that ends up about four or five feet away from the setter.


Volleyball Setting Terms 
What is the "31" set?


The "31", The "Gap"

The "31" is a fast half shoot to a front row player that takes their spike approach so they take off and land four to five feet in front of the volleyball setter.

This is another name for the half shoot.


Volleyball Setting Terms
What does 'butter' or 'nectar' mean?


"Butter" or "nectar" is slang used when a setter has delivered a beautiful well-placed set for a hitter to go up and just rip, meaning, hit really hard into the opposing team's court.

Used especially if the volleyball setters set selection created a "one-on-one" or "no block" situation for a hitter, then the set that was delivered is described as a "nectar" set or "butter'.



As in "that was a nectar set, please don't forget how you did that and can you do it again fifteen more times?"

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I share alot of individual, partner and easy-to-do volleyball serving drills we do in class with my followers.

Many of these volleyball practice drills you can do at home by yourself or try at your next practice with your teammates.

If you're a B team or JV player trying to make varsity next year...your goal should be to complete 1000 reps a day of at least three of the basic skills on your own...volleyball passing, serving and setting should be at the top of the list. 


Volleyball Words:
Where Should You Go From Here?


Good times! Where do you need to go now? Here are three options: 

  1. Learn more about the volleyball setter player by exploring he Related Links below. 
  2. Follow the suggested reading on our Sitemap page Learning How To Play (Sitemap)
  3. Or visit the pages in the Volleyball Word section in the drop down menu at the top of the page
  4. Reintroduce yourself to Miss Ricci the Raccoon, #5 , the setter and team captain for the All Beast VolleyBragSwag All Star Team. 

Explore my volleyball player's guide of setter information in the pages below!

Learn more volleyball words and terminology in the pages below. 



  1. Improve Your Volleyball
  2.  ›
  3. What's This Volleyball Word? Basic Terms, Slang and Volleyball Lingo
  4.  ›
  5. Volleyball Setting Terms Explained For Setters Who Run Offensive Plays


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