6 Volleyball Skills: Passing Serving Setting Hitting Blocking Digging

The 6 fundamental skills of volleyball are passing, serving, setting, hitting, digging and blocking and are basic volleyball skills needed to play on varsity.  


Are you ready to learn about the six basic volleyball skills you'll need to master in order to make your B, JV or varsity team?

In short they are

These are the six most basic skills of volleyball a competitive middle or high school Vegas player needs to learn in order to make their high school team.


I'm going to talk briefly about each skill on this page so you can then explore the other larger sections I've created that break down every part of each of these skills in order to help you learn how to do each one properly. #Yourewelcome!


Let's start with serving...


Fundamental Volleyball Skills
What You Need To Know About Serving


The serve is the first opportunity for you, the player, to score a point. 

And, its the one skill, out of all six of the essential skills, that you, the player can do, all by yourself without the assistance of another player to help score a point for your team. 



Once the referee blows their whistle to begin a rally, the player on the serving team in the right back position, which is also known as Zone 1,  steps behind the service line and serves the ball over the net.


Basic Volleyball Skills  
 What is Passing in Volleyball?


In high school volleyball the ability to serve receive the serve also known as "passing a ball" from an opponent's serve to your setter is one of the most important volleyball skills to learn in order to play competitive indoor or sand volleyball games and tournaments.

Why? Basically because  if you can't pass then you can't play.


Passing is done when you hold both wrists together and with both thumbs side by side and pointing to the ground as you contact the ball on the  forearms of both arms.

Keeping your thumbs pointed to the ground, keeps your arms straight.


Your forearms, commonly known as "your platform", should be angled towards the target you plan on passing the ball to. 

Other names you might hear players say about passing the ball are



These terms all mean the same thing and are describing how to contact the ball on your forearms to transfer it to another player or over the net. 


Fundamental Volleyball Skills 
What is Setting?


To set a volleyball means you contact the ball over your head using widespread open fingers to transfer the ball to a teammate or over the net. 



When learning how to set a ball, you'll use an all ten fingers shaped in a triangle around the ball to push it back up towards the ceiling, while keeping your shoulders close to your ears and the palms of your hands facing the direction you want the ball to go. 



Basic Volleyball Skills 
What is Spiking in Volleyball


Spiking the ball describes what happens when a volleyball player delivers a high speed attack using a powerful armswing and a three or four step spike approach. 

The hitters responsibility is to spike the ball over the net, back to the side of the team who first served the ball.

The hitter is trying to spike or hit the ball to an open space on the court so the receiving team can score a point. 


When you score a point with a hard hit, its called a "kill." 


Fundamental Volleyball Skills  
What Is Blocking?


A volleyball block is the first opportunity at the net to defend a ball by attempting to keep an opposing hitter from hitting the ball into your court. 

You do this by

  • placing your body in front of the hitting arm of the opposing hitter in front of you
  • extending both arms above your head keeping your shoulders close to your ears and fingers widespread
  • while timing your block jump so you jump ...penetrating your arms over the net ...just before the hitter contacts the ball




Basic Volleyball Skills  
What Is Digging?


While its the blockers job to try and stop the ball at the net, its the responsibility of the players in the back row also known as diggers to keep the ball off the floor, if the ball happens to get past their block. 

To dig a ball while your team is in defense a back row player will clasp both wrists together placing one closed fist into the palm of the other hand and point both thumbs down to keep both elbows straight while creating a platform.



This platform becomes the flat surface used to redirect a hard hit spike or attack back up in the air angled toward the direction you need the ball to go while keeping it off the floor.   






How To Play Volleyball:
Where Do You Go From Here?


What do you need to do now? You have three options: 

  1. Learn more about Serving
  2. Follow the suggested reading on our Sitemap page  Learning How To Play (Sitemap)
  3. Or visit the pages in the How to Play Volleyball section in the drop down menu at the top of the page to get started. 


Learn how to play volleyball in the pages below. 

Learn more about how to play volleyball in the pages below!

  1. Improve Your Volleyball Performance with Vegas VB Coach April Chapple
  2.  ›
  3. 6 Volleyball Skills: Passing Serving Setting Hitting Blocking Digging


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