As a setter your job is to pick which sets to run that beat or outsmart the opposing team's front row blockers and back row defense so your team can score a point.
Beginner setters, usually first learn how to deliver high balls which to their hitters in order to run a slower offense before they move on to learning faster more advanced offensive strategies.
This volleyball vocabulary describes a few types of sets that you should add to your volleyball setter language.
Outside set -
The outside set is delivered by the setter to one of the two outside hitters, the left front or right front player.
The outside set is like the "outlet pass" in basketball, because it's the "go-to" a setter has when they're in trouble or when they are without any quick set options.
If the setter is in defense and digs the first ball then the libero has to step in her place to set, this player will nine times out of ten set to the outside to one of the outside hitters.
Four set -
It's a high ball with an arc of anywhere from 10 to 15 feet set outside to the left front hitter where it should come down a foot off the net and just inside of the front of the left antenna.
Because of its height the four set gives the opposing block time to get outside to set up a double block in front of the left side hitter, but the left side attacker also has time to transition off the net to prepare herself to make a good strong approach in order to contact the ball high, hard and around the block.
A spiker hitting a four set should make a spike approach that keeps you behind the ball so that you can see the court and where the block is.
If you approach too soon you will end up underneath the four set and forced to only be able to look up, where now you can't see the block or the court and have no way of knowing where the best place to hit is.
This happens when outside hitters don't trust the fact that they are fast enough to hit the four set, so they start their approach or creep in too soon and end up completely underneath the ball, which limits their vision of the opposing team's court.
Five set -
A five set is a high ball with an arc that reaches anywhere from eight to ten feet that is a back set usually for the right front hitter.
It's a little lower because the setter is much closer to the right front player so the ball doesn't have as far to travel.
It's also for that reason that the right side player needs to watch their timing so they don't start their spike approach too soon because they have less time to adjust once they are up in the air.
They too need to time their approach so the five set ball stays in front of them, they can see the block, the open spaces on the court, and can rest assure that they have a "view to a kill'.
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