Volleyball Court Lines

Volleyball Court Line Names

Volleyball court lines, let's see there are two parallel sidelines connected to two endlines that're perpendicular to these sidelines that run parallel to each other, while also serving as the two service lines. Meanwhile, there are two ten foot lines on both court halves separated by one centerline, all parallel to each other that connect the two sidelines, and divide the two court halves. The ten foot lines run underneath and parallel to the net, between the two poles on a typical indoor volleyball court.

Did I miss anything? 

There are many lines on the playing surface of a volleyball court. 

Also known as the court floor, you as a player  will walk, run, jump, dive,

block, pass, roll, extend, pancake and serve all over these lines

not really paying attention to most of them during a game, set,

match, tournament or competition.

As you learn more about how to play volleyball, you'll realize that the

more you know about the technical, less glamorous elements of the

game, the more you increase your chances of outsmarting your


If there's a rule of the game that deals with the markings for a volleyball

court or if your opponent has committed some violations involving

the court rules that the referee or the officials have failed to

notice, then you can use that to your advantage.

Knowing this type of information may come in handy one day during a

particularly important match or tournament.

Have you seen a player run after a ball in defense, then they stop

chasing it because they think the ball is out of bounds, and when the

referee blows his/her whistle he has to tell that player that the ball was


So the player lost the ball to the opposing team because he or she

didn't know which line was 'out' and which line was 'in' or whether the

ball was outside of the volleyball court lines or inside of them?

It's important to understand what the most important court lines mean,

where they are located and why they exist.

With the help of several volleyball court lines diagrams I'll explain the

meaning of the most important lines and measurements on the court

that you should be familiar with.

Some court lines can be difficult to figure out, especially when

you are a beginner still trying to figure out the basics of how to play


This page explains what some of those court lines on an

indoor court should mean to you.

Where Are The Front Court Lines?

On one side of the net, there are three players who must stay within

the front zone also known as the front court when they attack the ball

on offense.

When one side is on offense, let's say Team A is the team on offense,

then these three players are hitters or spikers who must attack a ball

within the designated front court zone which is a rectangle shaped area

measuring 10 feet from the net.

When one team is on offense then automatically the other team, we'll

call this Team B, is on defense.

The three front court or front row players on defense are called

blockers and their job is to stop the hitters at the net from

hitting the ball into their court by using their arms to penetrate over the

plane of the net in an attempt to block the ball as the hitter attempts to

spike it.

Players who have rotated to the front row must stay between

the volleyball net and the ten foot line which marks the front court zone

and the lines that outline this area mark the front court

boundaries on their side.

Whose Line Is It Anyway?

On an indoor volleyball court, the sidelines and the service lines are

painted to outline the internal area and the boundaries where the ball

should be played.

In beach volleyball, there is no three meter or attack line and the

sidelines and end line lines are portable synthetic cords that serve as

the court marker to illuminate the court boundaries.

Where's The Center Line?

The center line separates one volleyball team's court from the other.

On an indoor court, it serves as the single fourth boundary line

for both sides and is located directly underneath the net.

To separate one team's front row from the other, it is placed an equal

distance between the three meter lines of both sides.

The line in the left hand side of the frame, the dark blue one is the

center line in the photo below.

Traditionally, neither blockers nor hitters were permitted to cross the

center line with any body parts during the rally, but recently that rule

was tweaked so that front row players are permitted to cross the

center line as long as they do not interfere with the opposing team's

ability to perform or complete an action.

There is no visible center line underneath the net, in beach volleyball.

Where Are The Sidelines?

Since the volleyball court is shaped like s large rectangle, the sidelines

are the longest lines located along the sides of that rectangle.

The sidelines, separated by the net, mark the longest boundaries of the

court, where both teams remain inside of their designated area of the

"rectangle" to play the match.

At the beginning of each rally, all six players on both teams must be in

their starting rotation located within their team's sidelines.

In the front row, once the rally has started, the outside hitters on the

team that's on offense can move outside the sidelines to make their

spike approach.

Where Is The Service Line?

Of all the court lines on the playing surface, the service line is

the farthest boundary line from the net.

It's parallel to the ten foot and center line and marks the closest spot

where a player can stand in order to serve the ball over the net at the

beginning of each rally.

At the beginning of a play, if a volleyball player steps over the service

line while serving, she has committed a service error.

If a player chooses to jump serve they can't touch the end line or the

court before they contact the ball to serve it. Only after they've made

contact with the ball can they land on the other side of the service line,

in the court.

Where's The Attack Line?

There's an attack line on each side of the court and it's

located three meters or approximately ten feet from the net on either


It exists to separate the front row players from the back row players

and it creates a point of reference in the rotation.

Front row hitters use the attack line to gauge how far back they need

to be in order to begin their spike approach, while back row hitters know

that they can only attack a ball that's been set to them, behind this

attack line.

Where's The Ten Foot Line?

The ten foot line, is the same line as the attack line and/or the three

meter line.

The name of these court lines will change depending on who

you play against and in what city, state or country you play the game.

Located on both sides, this line is ten feet or three meters from the net,

runs parallel to the net, and it separates the front row players from the

back row players.

If you are a libero who sets the ball to a front row spiker on your team,

according to basic volleyball rules for liberos, you must be behind the

ten foot line in order for your spiker to be able to take a spike approach

and hit the ball above the level of the net. 

If you are inside this line, the spiker must keep both feet on the ground

when they send the ball over the net. 

Where's The Three Meter Line?

As explained previously, the name for court lines parallel to

the center line is the three meter line or the ten foot line.

Three meters measures out to be ten feet so for those people who use

the metric system they will call this line the three meter line.

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