How Players Rotate on the Court
How do players rotate on the court?
A volleyball rotation occurs when the team that wins the point during a
rally rotates with each player, moving clockwise, one position to the next
zone on their court.
- The team that wins the right to serve during a rally will rotate. The team that lost the point will not rotate.
- Front row players move one position to their right. The right front player in zone two will rotate back to the zone one position and step behind the service line to serve.
- Back row players will also rotate, but one position to their left.
- The person in middle back position which is Zone 6 will rotate to their left to Zone 5 the left back position on the court.
- The left back position in Zone 5 will rotate up to the front row to now be in Zone 4.
The Six Person Indoor Volleyball Rotation
In this sport players are required to move clockwise to rotate.
Players who start in zone 1, which is the serving area located
in the right back, after their team wins the right to serve, that
player would then slide to the left to move into zone 6 which is
the middle back area.
When it's time to make the next rotation, that same player
slides to the left again to the third position in the back court which is the
left back area also known as zone 5.
Volleyball Rotation In The Back Court Zone
The primary responsibility of the players in the back court, also
called the back row, is to play defense behind their blockers
who're at the net attempting to block the ball in the front row.
In serve receive, the responsibility of the back court players is to
receive serve, so the front row hitters can run their offense.
In the picture below, the dark green line that's a few feet in
front of the back row players is the ten foot line which divides the
front court from the back court.
If you are a player in one of the three back row rotations you are
allowed to hit a ball across the net as long as you don't cross the
attack line while doing so.
The volleyball rotation in the back court starts in Zone One (right
back), then goes to Zone Six (middle back) then goes to Zone Five (right
back) before a player will rotate up to the front row.
Where's the Front Court?
Once again in beach volleyball there's no officially designated front
court, but on an indoor court the front court is the area between
the net and the ten foot line.
To be more specific the front court, also known as the front zone
extends from the center line, that's the line that runs parallel and
underneath the net, to the very far side of the ten foot line.
On its sides, the front court extends outside of the sidelines all the way
to the free zone.
The front court contains three of the six zones that a player
rotates in and out of and in each zone the front row hitters are
allowed to either hit or set the ball if they're on offense or block the
ball or dig a ball if they are on defense.
No one is allowed to serve a ball from anywhere in the front
The volleyball rotation in the front court starts in Zone Four (left front), then
goes to Zone Three (middle front) then goes to Zone Two (right front)
before a player will rotate to the back row.
Volleyball Rotation, Responsibilities and Positions
In Each Front Court Zone
Zone 2 is the right front area and is where the setter usually plays
when she is front row.
This can vary depending on the offense a team is running but 75% of the
time a setter will be right front when she's on defense in the front row.
Zone 3 is the middle front area reserved for the player specialized in
hitting from the center of the net and is called the middle
blocker or middle hitter.
In Zone 4 (my zone yayy!) is reserved for the player who is
specialized in hitting the ball from the left side in offense and is
also the left side blocker when the team is on defense.
Volleyball Positions: Where Do You Go From Here?
Good times! Here's where you need to go now? Here are three options:
- Learn more about the Liberos.
- Follow the suggested reading on our Sitemap page Learning How To Play (Sitemap)
- Or visit the pages in the Volleyball Positions section in the drop down menu at the top of the page.