A volleyball rotation occurs when the team that wins the point during a rally rotates with each player, moving clockwise, one position to the next zone on their court.
In this sport players are required to move clockwise to rotate. Players who start in zone 1, which is the serving area located in the right back, after their team wins the right to serve, that player would then slide to the left to move into zone 6 which is the middle back area.
When it's time to make the next rotation, that same player slides to the left again to the third position in the back court which is the left back area also known as zone 5.
The primary responsibility of the players in the back court, also called the back row, is to play defense behind their blockers who're at the net attempting to block the ball in the front row.
In serve receive, the responsibility of the back court players is to receive serve, so the front row hitters can run their offense.
In the picture below, the dark green line that's a few feet in front of the back row players is the ten foot line which divides the front court from the back court.
If you are a player in one of the three back row rotations you are allowed to hit a ball across the net as long as you don't cross the attack line while doing so.
The volleyball rotation in the back court starts in Zone One (right back), then goes to Zone Six (middle back) then goes to Zone Five (right back) before a player will rotate up to the front row.
On its sides, the front court extends outside of the sidelines all the way to the free zone.
The front court contains three of the six zones that a player rotates in and out of and in each zone the front row hitters are allowed to either hit or set the ball if they're on offense or block the ball or dig a ball if they are on defense.
The volleyball rotation in the front court starts in Zone Four (left front), then goes to Zone Three (middle front) then goes to Zone Two (right front) before a player will rotate to the back row.
Zone 2 is the right front area and is where the setter usually plays when she is front row. This can vary depending on the offense a team is running but 75% of the time a setter will be right front when she's on defense in the front row.
Zone 3 is the middle front area reserved for the player specialized in hitting from the center of the net and is called the middle blocker or middle hitter.
In Zone 4 (my zone yayy!) is reserved for the player who is specialized in hitting the ball from the left side in offense and is also the left side blocker when the team is on defense.
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