Early Indoor Volleyball History: The First 50 Years
In this brief history of volleyball lesson, you'll discover who invented the game and when this sport was introduced to numerous countries worldwide.
In 1895, William G. Morgan (1870-1942) was credited for creating the game of volleyball as a combination of four sports--basketball,
baseball, tennis, and handball.
At the time, Morgan was an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association which we know as the YMCA and was looking to develop an activity which had less physical contact than basketball that he could teach his classes of businessmen which were older gentlemen who preferred to play a sport with less physical contact.
Initially his rules of the volleyball game called for a net to be placed between
two groups of any number of players who played for nine innings with
three serves allowed for both teams each inning.
Sounds almost like baseball, right?
Listen to this brief history of volleyball from inventor William G. Morgan
Video created by Volleyball 1on1.com
With the exception of the first serve, hitting the volleyball into
the net was considered a foul or the right for the other team to serve
the ball which was called a "sideout."
A Brief History of Volleyball: The Name Of The Volleyball Game
1920s: Most accounts place the origins of the sport of beach volleyball in Santa Monica, California where the first volleyball courts
are put up on the beach at the playground for families and friends to
play games of six people on one side against six people on the other side of the net.
1920: The rules of the game continued to develop with the concept of three hits per side per team along with other developments which included prohibiting the back row players from being allowed to attack the ball over the net.
1928: Additional rules of the game were established as well as tournaments created when the United States Volleyball Association (USVBA, now USA Volleyball) was formed. With the creation of the USVBA, volleyball teams were formed with players who weren't members of the YMCA allowing for the first time all-male non-YMCA teams to participate in the first US Open for volleyball.
1930s: According to early accounts of the history about volleyball the first doubles team, consisting of two-men playing against two-men on the beach was played in Santa Monica, California.
1934: National volleyball referees were first recognized and approved in the mid 1930s.
1937: The U.S. Volleyball Association was officially
recognized as volleyball's National Governing Body (NGB) in the United
States at the Amateur Athletic convention held in 1937 in Boston.
1947: In an effort to unite and formalize the sport under one entity several European national governing bodies worked together to create the Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball (FIVB) which was centered in Paris.
This video provides an account of the brief history of volleyball and
the role of the FIVB in the sports history.
1949: The FIVB founded and organized the first World Championships tournament which was held in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
1949: The USVBA decided to add a collegiate division, for competitive college teams. For the first ten years collegiate
competition was sparse.
Volleyball teams were formed by passionate
students and instructors. Many teams dissolved when the interested
individuals left the college. Competitive teams were scattered, with no collegiate governing bodies providing leadership in the sport.
A Brief History of Volleyball Where Do You Go From Here?
Where do you need to go now? Here are three options:
An outline of American volleyball history for the last 50 years. From the first Olympics in the early 60s to the three beach volleyball Olympic gold medals won by Misty and Kerri, travel this timeline for a glimpse of significant events throughout volleyball history.