Volleyball Court Lines Create The Boundaries That Outline The Court

Volleyball Court Lines | Improve Your Volley` ``

Volleyball Court Lines Create The Boundaries That Outline The Court 

Volleyball court lines mark the layout of the boundaries on the official volleyball playing surface showing the play area where two teams can compete legally.  


The volleyball court lines include four sidelines, two endlines, two attack lines and a centerline which outline and mark the boundaries of volleyball court playing area. 

  • The playing area for a court is in the shape of a large rectangle that measures 30 feet by 60 feet.   

  • The longest lines are the sidelines and the shortest lines of the rectangle are the endlines. 








  • On each court half, there's a ten foot line which divides the half court into thirds. 





  • The two-thirds of the court which run from the ten foot line to the endline is called the backcourt and is where the backrow players stay when playing in defense.  







If during a rally, you attack hit a ball that goes into the opposing team's court and the ball hits any part of the boundary line (sideline, endline)...that ball is considered "In" the court. 

Point for your team. Serve for your team.



What Are Attack Lines?


The attack lines, also known as the three-meter lines, play a crucial role in volleyball.

Positioned approximately ten feet or three meters from the net on either side, the attack lines indicate the area where players can perform powerful attack hits or spikes.

These lines serve multiple purposes on the volleyball court.

Firstly, the attack lines act as a boundary that separates the front row players from the back row players.

In volleyball, specific rules govern the actions that players can take based on their position on the court.

The attack lines help distinguish the zone where the front row hitters and blockers operate from the area where the back row players primarily focus on defense.

Moreover, the attack lines serve as a reference point for players to determine the legality of their attack hits.

During a rally, a player must take their spike approach and contact the ball for an attack hit from behind the attack line.

If a player makes contact with the ball while in front of or on the attack line, it is considered a violation, leading to a point or serve for the opposing team.

The attack lines help maintain fairness by ensuring that attackers do not gain an unfair advantage by attacking the ball from closer to the net.

In addition, the attack lines are crucial for referees and officials in making accurate calls during the game.

By clearly defining the area from which an attack hit must be executed, the attack lines assist in determining whether a player's spike or attack landed within the legal playing area.

Overall, the attack lines provide a visual and physical marker on the court, creating a designated zone where players can execute powerful spikes.

They not only separate the front row and back row players but also help maintain fairness and consistency in the execution of attack hits.

Understanding the purpose of the attack lines is vital for players, referees, and spectators alike to fully comprehend the dynamic and skillful nature of the game.


What Is The Service Line?


In volleyball, the boundaries for serving are defined by the service line. The service line is a line that runs parallel to the net and indicates the position from where players must serve the ball at the beginning of each rally.

Located approximately 10 feet or 3 meters behind the net, the service line serves as a crucial boundary that players must adhere to while serving.

It ensures that a fair and consistent distance is maintained between the server and the net.


When serving, a player must position themselves behind the service line and serve the ball over the net into the opposing team's court.

If a player steps on or crosses over the service line while serving, it results in a service error, leading to a point or serve for the opposing team.

This rule helps ensure that players do not gain an unfair advantage by serving closer to the net.


Furthermore, the service line acts as a reference point for players to judge the accuracy and legality of their serves.

Serving from behind the service line allows players to generate enough power and height to clear the net and target specific areas of the opposing team's court.

Additionally, the service line plays a role in the positioning of the receiving team.

The receiving team must be positioned behind the service line, similar to the serving team. This positioning allows the receiving team to have sufficient reaction time and space to receive and control the serve.

Understanding the boundaries set by the service line is important for players to properly execute their serves and maintain fair play.

It ensures that serves are made from an appropriate distance, promoting fair competition and skillful gameplay.

In summary, the service line is a parallel boundary to the net that indicates the precise position from where players serve the ball.

It enforces a fair distance between the server and the net, helps players judge the accuracy of their serves, and establishes the positioning of the receiving team.

By adhering to the boundaries set by the service line, players can execute serves effectively and contribute to an engaging and competitive volleyball match."



Do You Follow Me on Pinterest?


Follow me on Pinterest Volleybragswag to improve your game even faster!

I share alot of individual, partner and easy-to-do volleyball serving drills we do in class with my followers.

Many of these volleyball practice drills you can do at home by yourself or try at your next practice with your teammates.

If you're a B team or JV player trying to make varsity next year...your goal should be to complete 1000 reps a day of at least three of the basic skills on your own...volleyball passing, serving and setting should be at the top of the list. 


Volleyball Court Size:
Where Do You Go From Here?


Good times! Where do you need to go now? Here are three options: 

  1. Learn more about the Court Size
  2. Follow the suggested reading on our Sitemap page Learning How To Play (Sitemap)
  3. Or visit the pages in the Volleyball Rules section in the drop down menu at the top of the page 

Learn more about volleyball court lines in the  pages below!



  1. Improve Your Volleyball Performance with Private Volleyball Coach April Chapple
  2. What's The Volleyball Court Size? Volleyball Basics For Beginners
  3.  ›
  4. Volleyball Court Lines Create The Boundaries That Outline The Court
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