Here's an explanation of the 6 positions of volleyball, specifically the rotational positions that players rotate in and out of, on an indoor court, regardless of the positions they play, during a match.
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There are six positions, also called zones on an indoor court.
They are invisible and they form the key elements of each rotation, which is a part of the game you should familiarize yourself before you start to seriously learn how to play volleyball.
These are areas invisibly divided into six sections on the court that you just have to know about as a player.
Three zones or positions are in the front court which is more commonly called the front row.
Also, remember the front row and the back row are divided by the ten foot line, which is clearly visible on the court.
When you rotate in volleyball you move clockwise, each player moving into one rotational position to their left when they're in the backrow and one rotational position to their right when they're in the front row, after their team has won a rally and the right to serve.
There are 6 rotational positions on the court that each player rotates in and out of regardless of what role or position they play.
Here is the list of rotational positions in clockwise order, starting with Position 1, RB, Right Back.
Backrow Rotational Positions
Front Row Rotational Positions
There are specialized areas that each player position plays in.
Setters and Opposites
Left Sides/Wing Spikers
Once the whistle blows and the server has served the ball, then each player from their rotational position on the court switches to play in their specialized position on the court for the duration of the rally.
So when the whistle blows and the server serves then setters go to the right side of the court, if they are front row they switch to Position 2, if back row they switch with whoever is in rotational Position 1 to play in their specialized position on the right side.
Left side players will switch to play on the left sides of the court.
Middles and liberos switch to play in the middle positions on the court (with some exceptions for liberos.)
If they won the rally they rotate one position.
If they lost the rally they go back to their serve receive offense pattern and receive serve again.
In the photo above Illinois State Redbirds Blockers On Defense Ready To Switch After Their Server Serves The Ball
#2 Will Go To Position 4 on the court, switching from her rotational position on the court to her specialized volleyball position because she's the left side hitter.
The Player Behind Her Will Go To Zone 2 because she is the setter or the right side hitter;
#21 The Middle Blocker Will Stay In Zone 3 because she's already in her rotational position on the court (MF) and doesn't need to switch with anybody after her server serves.
(photo by Bill Shaner)
The more you play, the more you will become familiar with what happens in each position and where you need to be on the court.
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