Volleyball Hits 16 Types of Spiking Attacking And Hitting Terms 

I define spiking and 16 other terms for volleyball hits like kill, spike, tool the block, wipe the block, cross court, spike approach, free ball, down ball. 

Volleyball Hits An attack hit is made when a player on the offensive team gets the ball into the opposing team's court by either spiking, tipping dumping, or using an off speed hit.Volleyball Hits An attack hit is made when a player on the offensive team gets the ball into the opposing team's court by either spiking, tipping dumping, or using an off speed hit.

What are the different types fo volleyball hits? 

attack, hit, spike, kill, wipe the block, tool the block, spike approach, tip, cobra, pokey, down ball, free ball, seam, cross court hit, line hit, cut shot


Volleyball Hits 
What Is An Attack Hit?

I Define Spiking And 16 Other Volleyball Attack Hit and Kill Terms: A hard hitting spike is one type of attack hit used to propel the ball over the net and into the opposing court. (Al Case)I Define Spiking And 16 Other Volleyball Attack Hit and Kill Terms: A hard hitting spike is one type of attack hit used to propel the ball over the net and into the opposing court. (Al Case)

Attack 

An attack hit is made when a player on  the offensive team attempts to get the ball into the opposing team's court by either

  • spiking the ball,
  • tipping the ball
  • dumping the ball
  • using an off speed hit

Is it legal to kick a ball? Yes, it's legal to contact the ball with your foot during a rally. 

Hit

To hit a volleyball requires a player to take a three or four step spike approach followed by an armswing that is used to bring the player's hand above their head to make contact with the ball so that it clears the net and finishes in the opposing team's court.

A hit is also called a spike.



Volleyball Hits 
What is a kill?


Kill 

A kill is registered when a player has scored a point or a sideout by successfully attacking or hitting the ball onto the opposing team's court floor within the their court lines and boundaries.

Spike Approach

Often compared to what an airplane does on a runway as it gathers speed before it lifts off in the air...the spike approach is a series of three or four steps a player uses before elevating themselves into the air so they can contact the ball above the top of the net so they can propel the ball over the net and into the opposing team's court in an effort to score a point. 

The spike approach will vary in speed and in length according to the set a player receives. 



Step by Step Guide For The Volleyball Spike Approach 

I Define Spiking And 16 Other Volleyball Attack Hit and Kill Terms: For right handers with a three step approach ...step with the left foot and keep arms in front of you.I Define Spiking And 16 Other Volleyball Attack Hit and Kill Terms: For right handers with a three step approach ...step with the left foot and keep arms in front of you.

  • Both feet start together and perpendicular to the net while waiting for the set.
  • For right handers with a three step approach ...step with the left foot and keep arms in front of you.

Take your last two steps quickly and explosively ...

  • right step - while at the same time both arms thrust WAY back (loose shoulders) before
  • left step - BOTH get thrust forward fast as the body gets launched vertically into the air...
  • Then pull the elbow back--keeping it high (above the level of the ear) then with

a HIGH reach be aware of where the hand is on the ball..to get it to go exactly where you want it to go..


Volleyball Hits 
Types of Volleyball Spikes


The Wipe

The wipe describes the wiping action of a spiker's arm motion when the attacker aims the ball for an opposing blocker's outside hand.

The blocking arm and hand closest to the antenna presents a target that the spiker aims for, so when the ball deflects back off the hand, it travels out of bounds, outside the sideline on the hitter's side or the blocker's side off the court.



When the hitter wipes the block for a point, it means the blocker was the last person to touch the ball before it lands out of bounds, outside of the sidelines.


The Tool

Tooling the block is a slang term for wiping the block. They both describe the act of spiking the ball so that you deliberately aim for the outer hand of the blocker who's attempting to block you.

Your goal is to do this in a way that the ball gets deflected back to your court but outside of the sideline, so it bounces outside of the court, on your team's side. 



This is an effective point scoring hitting strategy because it's hard for diggers to react to a ball that's been deflected by the block. 


Tip

A tip is an attack hit a spiker uses as an option to a hard hit...by

  • completing a spike approach for a hard hit then
  • at the height of the spike jump and after the arm swing the hitter contacts the ball with the tips of their fingers


  • guiding the ball up and over the block, and
  • over the net in the direction of where they want the ball to fall on the opposing court


Cobra

Usually done in beach volleyball, the spiker uses their straight hand with the palm down to contact the ball with their fingertips. 

Pokey

Usually done in beach volleyball, the spiker uses their closed fist to contact the ball with the knuckles of the index and middle finger.

This is an attack hit often used when the ball gets set too close to the net or the opposing blocker's hands. 



Volleyball Hits 
What Spikers Do Without Using A Spike Approach


Down Ball

What's a Down Ball attack hit?

When a player performs a spike over the net without jumping to take a spike approach, that is called a "down ball."

The hitter has stayed down to spike or hit the ball to the opposing team's court. 

A down ball attack is usually the result of a hitter not having enough time to make an approach or some miscommunication between them and their setter in regards to a play that was called. 

Do you block a down ball?

When the blocker on one team sees a spiker on the other team hitting a down ball, then they should call out to each other "down ball" so the blockers know not to block the ball since the hitter isn't using a spike approach to hit the ball over the net. 

The blockers usually call out to their team "down ball" and transition off the net to get ready to attack.


Free ball

What's a Free Ball attack hit?

This is a ball that has been forearm passed by a player on one team (instead of hitting the ball) to the opposing team's court. 

Instead of hitting a down ball, a 'free' ball is a 'gift' from one team who for one reason or another can't attack the ball over the net, so they "give" an easy "unattacked" ball to the other team. 

When your team gets a free ball, everything possible should be done to run a quick attack or give the ball to the 'go to' spiker who should definitely score a point. 


Volleyball Hits 
Volleyball Court Zones Hitters Aim For To Score Points


This list of volleyball words describe the zones on the court that varsity hitters are taught to aim for in order to score points in a rally. 

Line Shot and/or Hit

Right side hitters spiking from RF, right front or zone 2, would hit a line shot if they spike a ball or send an offspeed shot in or near zone 4 or zone 5 of the opposing team's court.

Left side hitters attacking the ball from left front, zone 4, means you spike the ball or hit an offspeed shot to zone 5 of the opposing team's court.



Cross Court Shot and/or Hit

A cross court hit occurs when a hitter contacts the top third of the ball with their thumb turned down which directs a hard driven spike to a court zone located within the opposite sideline from where they are attacking from.  

If you're a left side hitter attacking a ball from Zone 4 on your side of the net and your hard driven spike lands anywhere inside Zone 4 or Zone 5 on the opposing team's side, then that's a cross court hit. 



How do opposite hitters attack cross court?

If you're an opposite hitter attacking the ball from Zone 2, RF on your side and the ball lands inside zone 2 or zone 1 on the opposing team's side, then you've just made a cross court hit.



Seam

The seam is another name for the hole in the block created when blockers hands don't close the space between them.

The hitter exploits the seam in the block by aiming the ball right for that hole which is difficult for the back row defense to pick up and play if they don't have a libero or defensive player in place to specifically dig balls that have been hit through the seam.



Volleyball Hits: The hitter exploits the seam in the block aiming the ball for the hole which is hard for the back row defense to pick up (Aversen)Volleyball Hits : The hitter exploits the seam in the block aiming the ball for the hole which is hard for the back row defense to pick up (Aversen)

Cut Shot

The cut shot or the "cutty" is used by a player who is in zone 2 on their court and attacks the ball with an off-speed shot to zone 2 of the opposing team's court.


The player can also hit a cut shot if they are in zone 4 on one side and contact the ball so it crosses the net and/or over the block to zone 4 of the opposing team's court.

This shot is primarily used in beach volleyball and is very effective as a hitting option for players.


Volleyball Hits: That strong back row hitter can attack the ball from the back court as long as they stay behind the ten foot line when they contact the ball.Volleyball Hits: That strong back row hitter can attack the ball from the back court as long as they stay behind the ten foot line when they contact the ball.

Backrow Attack

The setter can set the strong hitter that has rotated to the back court. That strong back row hitter can attack the ball from the back court as long as they stay behind the ten foot line when they contact the ball.

If the hitter starts their spike approach steps from behind the ten foot line, then hits the ball while they in the air above the ten foot line and lands in front of it, that is still a legal hit.



I Define Spiking And 16 Other Volleyball Attack Hit Terms: 
Where do you need to go now? 


Here are three options: 

  1. Learn more about the volleyball words, terms and terminology in the Related Links below.  
  2. Follow the suggested reading on our Sitemap page  Learning How To Play (Sitemap)
  3. Or visit the pages in the Information section in the drop down menu at the top of the page

Read more about volleyball terms on these pages. 



  • Improve Your Volleyball Performance with Vegas VB Coach April Chapple
  •  ›
  • What's This Volleyball Word? Basic Terms, Slang and Volleyball Lingo
  •  ›
  • Volleyball Hits 16 Types of Spiking Attacking And Hitting Terms






  • New! Comments

    Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

    Follow me on Instagram @coach_apchap to improve your game even faster!

    SuperHero Shirts for Volleyball Mom, Volleyball Dad, Volleyball Grandma
    on Sale Now!

    Click to buy!

    The Volleyball Mom Super Hero Shirts On Sale Now!

    The Weekly Award-winning Las Vegas Volleyball Boot Camp Class Schedule

    Watch!

    As the Volleyball Voice Boot Camp Classes receive the 2018 Nevada Recreation and Park Society award for

    Best Sports Program in Nevada 



    Private and Semi Private Lessons with Coach April
    Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays