Basic Volleyball Court Terms Antenna, The Net The Front and Back Court

Learn more about these very basic volleyball court terms what is the antenna, what's the volleyball net and how high is it and where's the front and back court? 

The volleyball court. We dive on it, we hit on it, we block on it, and we serve on it but do we really know all the important parts of the court we play this game on? (Ken Mattison)The volleyball court. We dive on it, we hit on it, we block on it, and we serve on it but do we really know all the important parts of the court we play this game on? (Ken Mattison)

We dive on it, we hit on it, we block on it, and we serve on it but do we really know all the important parts of the court we play this game on?

I've explained a lot of the basic parts of the indoor court in this article including the

  • antenna
  • the back court
  • front court
  • the net


Volleyball Court: I've explained a lot of the basic parts of the volleyball court in this article including the antenna, the back court, front court and the net. (Ralph Aversen)Volleyball Court: I've explained a lot of the basic parts of the volleyball court in this article including the antenna, the back court, front court and the net. (Ralph Aversen)

Volleyball Court 
What is the Antenna?

What is the Antenna?
There are two antennae for each volleyball court, that are usually made of red and white striped plastic or a type of fiberglass.What is the Antenna? There are two antennae for each volleyball court, that are usually made of red and white striped plastic or a type of fiberglass.


What is the Antenna?

There are two antennae for each volleyball court, that are usually made of red and white striped plastic or a type of fiberglass.

They are attached to the net and represent a vertical extension of the sideline of that extends up above them to the ceiling and below them to the floor.


The volleyball antenna base? They are attached to the net and represent a vertical extension of the sideline of that extends up above them to the ceiling and below them to the floor.The volleyball antenna base?They are attached to the net and represent a vertical extension of the sideline of that extends up above them to the ceiling and below them to the floor.

When a player serves the ball or when teams hit or spike, the ball must pass between these two antennae in order for play to be valid otherwise the ball is out of bounds.


Volleyball Court  
What is the Volleyball Net?

The net is the portable apparatus that divides one court from the other and it's what players need to serve the ball over or hit the ball over in order to earn a sideout or score a point. (Aversen)The net is the portable apparatus that divides one court from the other and it's what players need to serve the ball over or hit the ball over in order to earn a sideout or score a point. (Aversen)


What is the volleyball net?

The net is the portable apparatus that divides one court from the other and it's what players need to serve the ball over or hit the ball over in order to earn a sideout or score a point.

The height of the volleyball net varies.

  • For the men it's set at 7' 11" 5/8 inches which is very close to eight feet and zero inches (8'0") while for
  • The women's volleyball net is officially set at seven feet four inches (7'4").

Volleyball Court  
What and Where is the Back Court?

Where is the Back court? The back court is the area behind the attack line and is reserved for the players who have rotated into Zone 1, Zone 5, Zone 6.  (Chiba Ryo)Where is the Back court? The back court is the area behind the attack line and is reserved for the players who have rotated into Zone 1, Zone 5, Zone 6. (Chiba Ryo)

Where is the Back court?

The back court is the area behind the attack line and is reserved for the players who have rotated in to

  • zone 1 which is the serving area located in the right back area of the court,
  • zone 5 which is the left back area, or
  • zone 6 which is the middle back area of the court.


While on defense, the primary responsibility of the players in the back court also known as the back row is to play defense behind their blockers who are at the net in the front court.

If they are in serve receive then the back court players main responsibility is to receive the served ball so that their front court or front row hitters can run an offensive play.

A player who is in one of the three back court zones is allowed to hit a ball across the net as long as he or she does not cross the attack line.


Volleyball Court  
What and Where is the Front Court?

On each side of the net, the ten foot line separates the front court from the back court and players who have rotated to the front row must stay between the net and the ten foot line. (Chiba Ryo)On each side of the net, the ten foot line separates the front court from the back court and players who have rotated to the front row must stay between the net and the ten foot line. (Chiba Ryo)

Where is the front court? -

The front court is made up of three zones or three areas in which front row hitters are allowed to attack and block.

  • Zone 2 is the right front area
  • Zone 3 is middle front reserved usually for the player specialized in hitting from the center of the court and who is also the middle blocker and
  • Zone 4 (my zone yayy!) is reserved for the outside hitter who is also the left side blocker.


On each side of the net, the ten foot line separates the front court from the back court and players who have rotated to the front row must stay between the net and the ten foot line which marks the front court boundaries on their side.

This has been an important message by your favorite volleyball coach! That's me!!

Thanks for visiting.

Be sure to check out more of my volleyball articles by clicking one of the links below!  (April Chapple)

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I share alot of individual, partner and easy-to-do volleyball serving drills we do in class with my followers.

Many of these volleyball practice drills you can do at home by yourself or try at your next practice with your teammates.

If you're a B team or JV player trying to make varsity next year...your goal should be to complete 1000 reps a day of at least three of the basic skills on your own...volleyball passing, serving and setting should be at the top of the list. 







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